Proper ignition timing is very crucial if you want to drive a jeep and want it to last long enough. It ensures the correct fuel-air mixture of your engine. You have to set proper distributor timing on your jeep if you want a trouble-free adventure. So, how to set timing on jeep 4.0?
You need to start by opening the engine block and accessing the valve springs. Find the crankshaft pulley along with the timing cover to line up the markings. Then you have to take the distributor and install the rotor over it. Change the rotor position on the engine block. And lastly, secure the electrical connections and replace the valve cover.
Inappropriate ignition timing is terrible news for your jeep. It’ll give you poor performance and several troubles during your adventure.
Jeep 4.0 Distributor Timing
First of all, you have to appreciate the stimulating effect of a distributor on your jeep. Otherwise, the problem won’t seem serious to you.
We know that spark timing is vital for burning fuel in the proper ratio. However, the role of a distributor is also crucial. It generates the ignition signal when the air-fuel balance is optimal. Then the distributor distributes the same signal to all cylinders.
Therefore, if the timing of the distributor isn’t perfect, the cylinder and fuel valve will lose their rhythms. As a result, your jeep will provide poor performance, bad fuel mileage, sudden power loss, and pre-ignition problems.
Taking Care of Timing Chain
As you now know about the significant role of distributor timing on your engine, you need to take care of it. Here are a few pointers to get you up to speed.
- Always take good care of the engine. You have already known the direct effect of distributor timing on the machine. So, make sure the engine health is always optimal.
- Old oils always create problems in the engine, and inappropriate timing is one of them. Make sure you change the engine oil according to a standard schedule.
- Again, cheap engine oils can result in lousy ignition timing and create an imbalance in the air-fuel ratio. Therefore, always use good quality engine oils.
- Though an oil filter will have additional costs, it can separate the wastes and impurities from the oil. This debris is harmful to your engine, and an oil filter can be your savior.
- Lubrication is also crucial to ignition timing. Therefore, you have to maintain a proper oil level in the engine. Otherwise, poor ignition time will cause you trouble.
Change Of Timing
Even after taking such care, your distributor may malfunction. Then you have to replace the timing. Though it’s very troublesome, changing the timing will be worth it if you want your jeep to run in proper condition.
Below are some cases when you might need to change the timing of your jeep 4.0.
- Engine misfire is an apparent reason for lousy timing. When the timing can’t handle stress or stretch out, the engine misfires. Therefore, you have to change the timing when you notice the signs of an engine misfire.
- Typically, the timing doesn’t make noises during functioning. If you notice any noise coming from the timing, it indicates low oil pressure. But when the oil pressure is normal, and the sound doesn’t disappear, you have to change the timing.
- Hard starting is a prevalent problem, and many reasons can be the cause behind it. Malfunctioning distributor timing is one of them. So, you need to change the timing to avoid hard starting.
- The engine flashlight can easily detect the timing problem. Repeatedly turning on and off indicates that you have to check on the distributor timing.
How To Set Timing on Jeep 4.0: 13 Steps to Follow
Setting up the timing is a bit of a complex process. But if you follow some step-by-step instructions, you’ll be able to set up the timing successfully. Here are the steps for you to follow:
Step-1: Removing the Parts and Reach to Engine
It may seem difficult for a newbie to remove the parts and reach out to the engine. But first, remove the machine from your jeep along with the alternator, radiator, and tensioner.
It’ll help to reach the distributor timing pretty easily. And make sure you don’t remove any unnecessary parts, or else there will be extra hassles.
Step-2: Come to The Harmonic Balancer
Now you have to remove the harmonic balancer. But it won’t be easy because of its weight. Therefore, you’ll need a special bolt extractor tool to remove the bolt from the crankshaft and then use a pulling device or puller to pull out the harmonic balancer.
You have to ensure that the balancer remains safe while removing it from the engine. Otherwise, such a loss will be regrettable for you.
Step-3: Covering Removal
When you remove the harmonic balancer, you’ll see a covering. Use the bolt extractor to remove the bolts attaching to the cover. Now the cover will get off pretty quickly.
The bolts are of different shapes. So, make sure you have all types of extractors or a wrench to adjust the bolt sizes.
Step-4: Mark on The Distributor’s Body
Now the main task begins. Find out the terminal position of spark plug wires and mark on the first plug wires position on the distributor’s body. This helps to connect the electrical fittings further and place the timing back into its place.
Step-5: The Valve Springs
You need access to the valve strings. So, start removing the valve cover and the distributor cap. After that, you’ll notice the valve strings.
Step-6: Marking Line Up
Now get a socket wrench (19mm) to rotate the crankshaft. You’ll notice a zero mark (0) over the timing cover. So, make sure the pulley lines up with that mark.
It’ll help to verify the piston position (number-1 piston). The piston should be at the TDC, which is attached to the compression stroke. You can also ensure the valve strings when you notice the number-1 cylinders are relaxed.
You have to rotate the crank in the opposite direction (360-degree) to compress the valve springs. This compression will open up the valves that are situated at the exhaust stroke ends.
Step-7: Install the Rotor
Remember the marks while removing the distributor cap! You have to check on those marks and see if the rotor is any near those marks.
But if not, again, you need to remove the bolts from the engine block to pull out the distributor. When it rotates freely, stop pulling out.
Now rotate the body to line up the rotor. The rotation should be 3cm clockwise, and it should start from the cam position sensors. You need to pass the number-1 plug wire terminal in an advanced direction or a clockwise direction.
Step-8: Fix the Distributor’s Position
You need to ensure that there’s a distributor gasket installed in the engine block. And now place the distributor inside the engine block.
If you don’t have any gasket installed for the distributor, there will be a problem fixing the distributor’s position.
Step-9: The 4 O’clock Position
As you’re fixing the distributor’s position, you have to visually ensure that the distributor housing ear fits with the clamp hole.
If not, you need to pull out the timing again and repeat until the ear is in its exact position. After that, rotate the rotor in a 4 o’clock position to set the distributor.
Step-10: Ensure Distributor’s Position
Now, you have to ensure whether the distributor is appropriately placed in its position or not. That’s because the wrong place won’t be any good and won’t be much helpful in ignition timing.
Therefore, slide the distributor gently inside the engine block and see whether it sits or not. In the meantime, the hold-down gear should be kept aligned to the hole to set it with the engine block.
Step-11: Alignment of Rotor Blade
This may seem tricky, but you have to keep the rotor blade, distributor, and rotor in alignment.
The rotor’s position must be at 5 o’clock with the rotor blades. And these rotor blades should be lined up with the mark of the distributor’s housing. The scribe mark is situated at the first spark plug cable’s location with the distributor’s cap.
Step-12: Bolt Down of Distributor
After ensuring all the housing ears are in position with clamp holes, you need to bolt down the edges. So, install the distributor clamp bolt to hold down. Repeat the same process for the distributor’s cap. Use the wrench to tighten up the bolts.
After that, you need to install the electrical connectors. There’s also an electrical cooling fan, battery cables, shroud, etc. Connect all these cables that are related to the distributor.
Step-13: Replacement of Valve Cover
When the distributor is secure, you can finally attach the valve cover. Voila! And you’re done.
Some Additional Considerations
Usage of timing light is beneficial to know the conditions of the distributor whether it’s in the right direction or not. You’ll always need a new gasket as a timing cover and the front oil seal for the cover.
As the method is entirely mechanical, make sure you don’t make any mistakes while setting the timing. Otherwise, you may have to start with step one just for a simple mistake.
What To Do Without a Timing Light?
A timing light always shows you the condition of the distributor’s timing and whether ignition timing is wrong or not. If there’s no ignition light to indicate, what will you do?
You have to follow some alternate steps to check on the engine’s timing. Here’s how:
Step-1: Turnover the Motor
First of all, you need to turn over the motor and pull all the plugs simultaneously. It’ll help to turn the engine over pretty quickly without any mechanical help.
You can use a breaker bar and a large socket in the task. Now get your finger inside the spark plug hole.
Step-2: TDC Compression Stroke
You have to get your finger on the compression stroke and feel any pressure coming upwards or not. Well, the process can’t be done alone. You can ask for some help from your friends or siblings.
Any stick or metal instead of a finger won’t help much and often may mislead you about the pressure.
Step-3: New TDC Mark
When you verify that the engine reaches the TDC of the compression stroke, you have to check on the TDC mark alignments. Use a pointer to verify those marks.
These marks indicate that your engine’s timing chain is totally messed up. Therefore, you have to find new TDC marks. The new marks on the harmonic balancer should be clear so that you can use them in the future.
Step-4: Mark on Distributor
Find the position of the number-1 spark plug tower on the distributor’s cap and mark it appropriately. After that, remove the lid to create a path for the rotor so that it can go by the mark on the distributor’s body.
If the rotor can’t go by the marks, the distributor may be faulty.
Step-5: Set Up the Alignment
If you determine to displace the distributor to check whether it’s faulty or not, you have to set up the alignment. So, pull out the distributor and remember the marking on the distributor’s body.
Then align the distributor shaft and use the oil pump slot to drive the distributor. Lastly, place the distributor according to those previous marks.
Proper timing is a crying need if you want your jeep to run at its full capacity. So, you need to set up the timing without any mistakes. Maintaining the timing of your jeep isn’t very hard. You may face some issues.But with our instruction on jeep 4.0 distributor timing, you can now easily set and maintain your jeep timing. The brief details will help you to set the timing even if you’re a beginner. Good luck with your work!